The influence of place and neighborhood is increasingly seen as a major, if not the most significant, determinant of health. Much of the research on place and health has been articulated through a set of constructs termed “the Social Determinants of Health” (SDOH), that consider how social and neighborhood conditions come together to impact health outcomes.
Research has demonstrated that access to proven health protective resources, like clean air, healthy food, recreational space, opportunities for high-quality education, living wage employment, and decent housing, is highly dependent on the neighborhood where one lives.
In response to this growing awareness, and to meet a need for better local level data regarding these issues, REACH Evaluation was contracted by the Louisville Metro Department of Public Health & Wellness’ Center for Health Equity. REACH Evaluation was tasked with developing a report that presents data related to the SDOH in the context of neighborhood districts across Louisville Metro. REACH Evaluation worked closely with the Center for Health Equity in a series of facilitated meetings with a work group made up of community stakeholders. Workgroup participants were integral in determining the tone and content of the report. The result is a report that provides a better understanding of the root causes of health inequities in the many neighborhoods that make up Louisville Metro.
The research and data accumulated within the Health Equity Report should be of broad interest to the community. Our hope is that the findings portrayed within the report will be used to move discussions toward the underlying neighborhood environmental factors that perpetuate poor health.